LURIA, ALEXANDER ROMANOVICH

LURIA, ALEXANDER ROMANOVICH (1902–1977), Soviet psychologist. Luria was born in Kazan to a well-known physician. He graduated from the universities of Kazan (1921) and the 1st Medical Institute of Moscow (1937). In 1945 Luria was appointed professor in the department of psychology at the Moscow State University, a full member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences in 1947, and director of the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology and Restoration of Higher Cortical Functions, U.S.S.R. Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow. He was one of the founders of neuropsychology. The most frequently translated Soviet psychologist, Luria was familiar to psychologists the world over having acted as the program chairman of the 18th International Congress of Psychology, held in Moscow in 1966. He had wide professional interests which included brain mechanisms of mental operations (neuropsychology), with special reference to disturbances associated with brain lesions, the role of speech in mental development and control of child behavior, and mental retardation. He was a prolific writer and his books include Sovremennaya psikhologiya v yego osnovnykh napravleniyakh ("Basic Trends in Modern Psychology," 1928); Rech i intellekt derevenskogo, gorodskogo i besprizornogo rebyonka ("Speech and Intellect of Country, City, and Homeless Children," 1930); The Nature of Human Conflicts … (1932); Rech i razvitiye psikhicheskikh protsessov u rebyonka (with F. Ya. Yudovich, 1956; Speech and the Development of Mental Processes in the Child, 1959); The Mentally Retarded Child (ed. and coauthor, 1961); Higher Cortical Functions in Man (1966); and The Mind of a Mnemonist (1968). Luria was a foreign member of the American National Academy and a member of many foreign research institutes in America and Europe. (Josef Brozek)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander Romanovich Luria — Alexander Romanowitsch Lurija. Alexander Romanowitsch Lurija (georgisch Александр Романович Лурия, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Romanovič Lurija; * 3.jul./ 16. Juli 1902greg. in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Luria — Alexander Romanovich Luria Александр Романович Лурия (July 16, 1902 August 14, 1977) was a famous Soviet neuropsychologist and developmental psychologist. He was one of the founders of cultural historical psychology and psychological activity… …   Wikipedia

  • Luria — /ˈlurja/ (say loohryah) noun 1. Alexander Romanovich, 1902–77, Russian psychologist; a pioneer of neuropsychology. 2. Salvador Edward, 1912–91, Italian US biochemist; 1969 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine shared with Delbrück and Hershey …   Australian English dictionary

  • Коул, Майкл (психолог) — Майкл Д. Коул (англ. Michael D. Cole) (13 апреля 1938)  американский профессор коммуникации и психологии Калифорнийского университета в Сан Диего (UCSD) (с 1978 года), основатель и директор лаборатории сравнительного человеческого… …   Википедия

  • Neuropsicología — La neuropsicología es una disciplina fundamentalmente clínica, que converge entre la neurología y la psicología. La neuropsicología estudia los efectos que una lesión, daño o funcionamiento anómalo en las estructuras del sistema nervioso central… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elkhonon Goldberg — (b. 1946 Riga, Latvia) is a neuropsychologist and cognitive neuroscientist known for his work in hemispheric specialization and the novelty routinization theory. Biography Goldberg studied at Moscow State University with the great… …   Wikipedia

  • List of psychology topics — This page aims to list all topics related to psychology. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar. It is also to see the gaps in Wikipedia s coverage of the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of psychologists — This list includes notable psychologists and contributors to psychology, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the discipline.Specialized lists …   Wikipedia

  • Activity theory — See also Social Constructivism (Learning Theory) and Critical psychology.Activity theory is a psychological meta theory, paradigm, or framework, with its roots in the Soviet psychologist Vygotsky s cultural historical psychology. Its founders… …   Wikipedia

  • Mark Solms — (born 1961 in South Africa) is a psychoanalyst and a lecturer in neurosurgery at the St. Bartholomew’s and Royal London School of Medicine; chair of neuropsychology, University of Cape Town, South Africa and director of the Arnold Pfeffer Center… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.